Can India be a developed nation till 2020?
May 29, 2007
As we all know our respected and beloved president “Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam” is has a dream that “India will be among the developed nation of world till 2020”. Is it possible to achieve this goal by 2020 considering the current condition of country, which is already fighting a war against a host of problems internally as well as externally?
Here, in this article, I have tried to analyze some major pros & cons related to this topic.
As in the past some one had said that “India is the country of villages” or “Bharat gaonv me basta hai”.
This is true in today’s aspect also because in India most of the people (about 60% of nation’s population) are living in villages. In those villages people are unable to fulfill their basic needs of life such as “Roti kapda aur makan”. In those villages youth is unemployed, they follow unhygienic activities, which leads to serious health hazards, youth is turning towards crime because of unemployment, literacy is less, and most of the families are below poverty line. In such circumstances it is very difficult for India to become a developed nation till 2020.
Another major problem in the development of country is terrorism. Every border of our country is facing this ugly problem. In the north, Jammu & Kashmir has the biggest terrorism problem in the form of “Indo-Pak issue”. If we talk about south, Andhra-Pradesh is facing the problem with “People’s War Group”. In the east, Assam has its own problem against the “Ulfa-militants” and in the west, Mumbai, the Industrial capital of India is at the center of terrorist attacks. These terrorist groups usually destroy the in-built infracture and manpower of the country. Until and unless any country finds permanent solutions to these problems, it is very difficult for that country to become a developed nation.
The next problem in development of India is corruption. Although India is not the most corrupt nation in the world but the roots of corruption in India are so deep that it is the biggest obstacle to overcome for the development of nation. Particularly in the fields of “Politics” and “Government Sector”, corruption is widespread. In fact, today very few government schemes, which are for public welfare, complete successfully. The common man has to visit at least two to three times for getting a single signature in a government office.
Another problem in the development of nation is poverty. The unequal distribution of money in the country, unemployment and lack of entrepreneurship skills particularly in the youth are the major cause of poverty. In India many families are below poverty line with daily income of less then 1$(i.e. less then 45 rupees) and still we talk about globalization. How can a man, who doesn’t have sufficient money for his next day’s meals, contribute in the development of nation.
One more problem in the way of the development of nation is our politics. Most of the politicians are highly corrupt and their main aim is to earn money from the government funds for their personal uses. The political parties are having good contacts with criminals; they are illegally raising funds for there election campaigns and very huge amount of money is spent every time on such campaigns. The one and only aim of these political parties is to remain in power at any cost. Since last few decades, India has had only two major & nation wide political parties so the people are compelled to choose between those two parties only. There is no alternative available for the people and every time they get it wrong, in the form of an unsatisfactory government.
The major issue, which can contribute highly in the development of nation, is our educational system. The percentage of literacy in our country is less, compared to other developed nations. There are a large number of students who start their education at the primary level but are unable to complete SSLC/PUC due to many financial, social and physical reasons. In India, “tuitions” are having a large impact right from the primary level itself. This is very serious and shameful thing for our educational system.
Apart from the above-mentioned major problems, there are also some other problems like lack of power/energy resources, lack of in-fractures, castisam, communal rights and many more…………………
But, India also has some strengths to its name.
The most dominating technology in today’s scenario is “Information Technology” and because of its highly intellectual minds, India is dominating throughout the world in this particular technology. The revenue/profits of the India-based software companies are in thousands of corers and they are able to squeeze a lot of foreign money from international market. So they are contributing greatly in the development of nation.
Another major strength for India is its man power as India is the second most populated country of the world. If we consider Uttar-Pradesh as a separate country, then it will become the world’s sixth most populated country very next to China, India, United States, Indonesia and Brazil. So India’s huge population can occupy any big industry which requires a large number of people.
So to conclude, we can say that there are many hurdles for India to become a developed nation till 2020, but India also has its own strengths. As no body can foresee the future, so let’s wait & watch and contribute greatly in the development of our nation.
One more thing I want to say to all the professional students is that they are having a major responsibility to make India a developed country (like Engineers are called the builders of the nation). So please try hard to convert our president’s dream to reality.
Written By: Raghav Garg, AIET, Gulbarga